The Achilles tendon main function is to connect the heel to the calf. An Achilles tendon injury can occur from overuse, or because of a fall. If the tendon tears, it is referred to as a rupture, and is common among those who are active or athletic. This can cause severe pain and discomfort, often making it difficult to walk. There are additional reasons why patients may experience Achilles tendon pain. These include pyoneritides, which is considered to be a form of tendinitis, an infection caused by bacteria, or possibly from fatty deposits in the tendon. Osteoarthritis has been known to cause pain in the Achilles tendon, and it may be a result of a loss of cartilage. Mild relief may be found when performing specific stretches. These include standing on a step and lowering one heel at a time until a gentle stretch is felt. Practicing toe curls can also be an effective exercise, and this is done by bending the knee while curling the toes up, and holding for several seconds. If you would like to know more about Achilles tendon injuries or how to perform exercises that can help this type of pain, please schedule an appointment with a podiatrist.
Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of New York. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
What Is the Achilles Tendon?
The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.
What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?
There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.
Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms
- Dull to severe pain
- Increased blood flow to the tendon
- Thickening of the tendon
- Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
- Total immobility
Treatment and Prevention
Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:
- Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
- Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses
If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Ozone Park, and Manhasset, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.